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Working Title:"Et tu, Brute?" - What's really in a name?
Working Thesis Statement:Although naming may not directly cause violence, it can create an association and dissociation between the speaker, audience, and subject that incites extreme emotions that lead to violence.
Scholarly Sources:Schalkwyk, David. “’What’s in a name’: Derrida, apartheid, and the logic of the proper name.” Language Sciences, 22, 2000, pp. 167-191. <www.elsevier.com/locate/langsci>
This article discusses the relationship between sign, signifier, and signified through focusing on Derrida’s analysis of Juliet’s “O Romeo” speech, and argues that names are not arbitrary and that Romeo’s name does actually matter. I’d like to use this source to establish background on the purpose of naming in general and combat Juliet’s assertion that Romeo’s name is insignificant.
Brisman, Leslie. “‘At Thy Word’: A Reading of ‘Romeo and Juliet’.” The Bulletin of the Midwest Modern Language Association, vol. 8, no. 1, Spring 1975, pp. 21-31 <www.jstor.org/stable/1314801>
This article talks about the significance of naming in Romeo and Juliet, specifically of Juliet’s balcony scene and the interactions between Romeo, Tybalt, and Mercutio. I’d like to use this source to provide commentary on Tybalt and Mercutio’s violent name calling and later deaths, showing that they used naming to create distance between themselves and their enemies.
Walker, Eric C. “Wordsworth, Warriors, and Naming.” Studies in Romanticism, vol. 29, 1990, pp. 223-40. <http://www.worldshakesbib.org/entry/560234>
This article discusses the significance of naming in William Wordsworth’s poetry, and specifically of allusions to the names in Romeo and Juliet and Julius Caesar. I’d like to use this source to merge the context of naming between the two plays.
Weidhorn, Manfred. “The Rose and Its Name: On Denomination in Othello, Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar.” Texas Studes in Literature and Language, vol. 11, 1969, pp. 671-86. <worldshakesbib.org/entry/592704>This article discusses the importance of names in Othello, Romeo and Juliet, and Julius Caesar, and claims that the power of naming is most prominent in Julius Caesar. I’d like to use this source in order to provide background on what has already been said about naming in Julius Caesar and Romeo and Juliet, as well as strengthen the connection between the two.
Julius Caesar. Directed by Stuart Burge, performances by Charlton Heston, Jason Robards, and John Gielgud. Commonwealth United, 1970, <www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQQh115qAME&t=5415s>. Accessed 14 Nov. 2016.
This is Commonwealth’s production of Julius Caesar. I liked it in comparison to some others that I found because it had background music and mostly good acting. I want to talk specifically about the scenes where Cassius convinces Brutus to betray Caesar and Mark Antony speaking to the plebeians at Caesar’s funeral. Cassius carves Brutus’ name into a wall beneath Caesar’s name, and then crosses out Caesar’s name, and Mark Antony reveal’s Caesar’s body to the public. Both provide powerful images to the words of the play and show how the speaker tried to bring the audience closer to them.
Romeo and Juliet. Directed by Franco Zeffirelli, performances by Leonardo Whiting and Olivia Hussey. BHE Films.<www.youtube.com/watch?v=OZLVlajiihI> Accessed 18 Nov. 2016.
This clip takes you to the balcony scene of the movie. I liked this movie production of Romeo and Juliet because it still took a classical approach to the play. I want to talk about the body language in the balcony scene where Juliet speaks to Romeo (hypothetically), as well as the body language with Tybalt’s and Mercutio’s interactions, in order to show a connection that proves that the speaker strengthens both associations and dissociations with the use of naming.